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USA (national)

Indiana State Bird:

Northern cardinal - click to see all state birds
Northern cardinal photo © James Ownby: My View of Nature.
See All State Birds - National Bird.

Cardinal (Northern)

See northern cardinal video below

Indiana designated the northern cardinal (Richmondena Cardinalis Cardinalis) as official state bird in 1933.

One of America's favorite backyard birds, cardinals are distinctive in appearance and song - known for their "cheer cheer cheer," "whit-chew whit-chew" and "purty purty purty" whistles.

Male cardinals are a brilliant scarlet red, females a buffy brown with reddish wings - both have a jet -black mask, pronounced crest, and heavy bill. The cardinal sings nearly year-round, and the male aggressively defends his 4-acre territory (male cardinals have been seen attacking small red objects mistaken as other males).

Northern cardinal enjoying a bath - click to see all state birds
Northern cardinal enjoying a bath - photo © James Ownby: My View of Nature (used by permission). See All State Birds.

Northern cardinals breed 2-3 times each season. The female builds the nest and tends the hatchlings for about 10 days while the male brings food. The male then takes over the care of this first brood while the female moves on to a new nest and lays a second clutch of eggs.

Female northern cardinal - click to see all state birds
Female northern cardinal photo © Brian Jorg / CritterZone: Animal - Wildlife - Nature Stock Photography (used by permission - contact CritterZone for commercial application license or any use). See All State Birds.

The cardinal is the state bird of 7 states: Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Source:
Emblems & Symbols of Indiana: Indiana.gov
Northern Cardinal photos © Brian Jorg / CritterZone:
Animal - Wildlife - Nature Stock Photography
Copyrighted image - no use allowed without a license
(contact CritterZone for commercial application license)
Links:
All State Birds - National Bird


    


 

Indiana Symbols & Icons:

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river - stone
tree - soil
name - nickname

flag - seal
motto - quarter
award - tartan
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