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Pennsylvania State Tree

Eastern Hemlock branches - click to see all state trees
Eastern hemlock tree (Tsuga canadensis) boughs with new growth -
photo © Eric in SF on Flickr - (noncommercial use permitted
with attribution / no derivative works). See All State Trees.

Eastern Hemlock Tree

The hemlock (Tsunga canadensis) was designated official state tree of Pennsylvania in 1931. Eastern hemlock trees were used by early settlers to build log cabins and as a source of tannic acid (for tanning leather). The eastern hemlock (also called Canada hemlock or hemlock spruce) was pronounced the most picturesque and beautiful of the world's evergreens by A. J. Downing, the father of landscape gardening in America.

The eastern hemlock is a prevalent tree in Pennsylvania forests. A slow-growing, long-lived tree which can take 250 - 300 years to reach maturity and may live for 800 years or more.

Old growth eastern Hemlock trees -  click to see all state trees
Virgin timber eastern hemlock trees (Tsuga canadensis) at
Cathedral State Park (largest virgin timber tract remaining in
West Virginia) - photo © Rich McGervey on Flickr -
noncommercial use permitted with attribution / share alike
Source:
Pennsylvania - Symbols: PA Historical & Museum Comm.
State Symbols: Hello Pennsylvania
Links:
State Trees - 50 States List

    

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Pennsylvania Gifts - Gifts by State