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USA (national)

Texas State Flower

Field of bluebonnet flowers - click to see all state flowers
Field of Texas bluebonnets; photo by bombay2austin on Flickr (noncommercial
use permitted with attribution / no derivative works). See All State Flowers.

Bluebonnet

Field of bluebonnets video

The bluebonnet was designated the official state flower of Texas in 1901. Also called buffalo clover, wolf flower, and el conejo (spanish for "the rabbit"), bluebonnets are to Texas what the shamrock is to Ireland.

bluebonnet blossoms - click to see all state flowers
Bluebonnets and a maroon bluebonnet - photo Sarah (sarowen) on Flickr - noncommercial use permitted with attribution / no derivative works. See All State Flowers - National Flower.

The bluebonnet is not only the state flower - Texas has also designated an official bluebonnet tartan, song, city (Ennis, Texas), festival (Chappell Hill Bluebonnet Festival), and trail (also in Ennis). The bluebonnet flower is named for the color and sunbonnet-shaped petals.

The home of the bluebonnet - the North American prairie - is one of the most endangered ecosystems on earth. The grasslands of North America began to form about 20 million years ago, but in some areas up to 99 percent of the prairie has been destroyed (in just the last 125-150 years). Wildflowers are the jewels of public lands - tread lightly, take only photos and memories - do not pick flowers or dig up plants (also see Texas State Grass).

Field of bluebonnets - click to see all state flowers
Bluebonnet flowers on a misty Texas morning - photo © Texana (used by permission). See All State Flowers - National Flower.

The original 1901 legislation specifed Lupinus subcarnosus, but was amended in 1971 to include L. texensis and "any other variety of bluebonnet not heretofore recorded" (there are at least four other species of bluebonnet growing in Texas: L. havardii, L. concinnus, L. perennis, and L. plattensis). L. texensis and L. subcarnosus are native to Texas.

Quote from Texas Bluebonnets, Texas Pride:
Lore of the Bluebonnet.

"In the spring of 1901, the Texas Legislature got down to the serious business of selecting a state floral emblem and the ensuing battle was hot and heavy. One legislator spoke emotionally in favor of the cotton boll since cotton was king in Texas in those days. Another, a young man from Uvalde, extolled the virtues of the cactus so eloquently, noting the hardy durability of the plant and the orchid-like beauty of its flowers, that he earned the nickname of "Cactus Jack" which stuck with him for the rest of his life. He was John Nance Garner and later became vice president of the United States."

Source:
Bluebonnet: Texas Historical Association
Texas Bluebonnets, Texas Pride: TX Cooperative Ext.
Wildflowers of Remnant Tall Grass Prairie
Links:
Wildflower Photos: Wildflowers in Bloom
Endangered Plants in Texas: Texas Parks & Wildlife
Bluebonnet City: Ennis TX official Web Site
Bluebonnet Festival: TexasBob.com
All State Flowers - National Flower


    

 

Texas Symbols & Icons:

air force - tie
footwear - music  
artist - bird
bread - cooking  
dinosaur - dog  
dish - snack
fabric - tartan
folk dance
fish - insect
flag - pledge
flower - plant
gem - stone
hall of fame
instrument
 

mammal 1-2-3  
sport - vehicle
metal - molecule
name - nickname
pastry 1 2 - nut
pepper 1-2 - fruit
plays - railroad
reptile - shell
seal -quarter - motto
ship -tall ship
shrub 1-2
song 1-2
tree -grass -soil
vegetable
 

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Field of Bluebonnets at sunset in Ennis, Texas Video:

See all State Flowers - National Flower

Texas Gifts - Gifts by State

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and appreciation of our natural treasures and cultural heritage.