Monongahela Silt Loam

West Virginia State Soil

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Rural West Virginia

Rural West Virginia; photo by Kara Newhouse on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / share alike).

Official State Soil of West Virginia

West Virginia designated Monongahela silt loam as the official state soil in 1997. All State Soils

Monongahela soils are used primarily for pasture, cultivated crops, and industrial and residential sites. Common crops include corn, soy beans, and wheat. Pasture acres have a mixture of grasses and legumes. Forest acreage is limited; common trees growing on wooded areas include red oak, white oak, yellow-poplar, sycamore, white pine, and Virginia pine.

The Monongahela series was first established in Greene County, Pennsylvania, 1921. Monongahela soils occur in West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, Kentucky, and Alabama.

West Virginia