Gopher Tortoise

Georgia State Reptile


Gopher tortoise

Gopher tortoise; photo by FWC Fish and Wildlife Research Institute on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / no derivative works).

Official State Reptile of Georgia

Georgia designated the endangered gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) as the official state reptile in 1989. All State Reptiles

Native to Georgia, the gopher tortoise population is declining and studies indicate that it may not even exist outside of protected areas. Help preserve this unique, ancient creature - if you find a tortoise on the road, stop your vehicle and gently place it off the road in the direction it is traveling (otherwise do not disturb it).

Georgia Legislation

WHEREAS, the gopher tortoise (gopherus polyphemus) belongs to a group of land tortoises that originated in North America 60 million years ago, thus making it one of the oldest living species native to Georgia; and

WHEREAS, the gopher tortoise population is scattered throughout the southeastern United States, with most being found in southern Georgia and north central Florida; and

WHEREAS, the gopher tortoise benefits the ecology by digging burrows up to 40 feet long and 10 feet deep which provides year-round shelter from predators and weather for more than three dozen other animal species, including some threatened species; and

WHEREAS, recent studies indicate that the gopher tortoise population is in decline due to mankind’s activities, and that by the year 2000 the gopher tortoise may not exist outside of protected areas; and

WHEREAS, this ancient and ecologically beneficial reptile is deserving of the attention and appreciation of the citizens of this state by designation as the official state reptile.


... The gopher tortoise is designated as the official Georgia state reptile.



Gopher tortoise; photo by Craig ONeal on Flickr (use permitted with attribution / share alike).

Gopher tortoise


The Gopher Tortoise