White-tailed Deer

Illinois State Animal


White-tailed deer doe

White-tailed deer (doe); photo by Jen Goellnitz (thelearnedfoot_) on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / no derivative works).

White-tailed Deer

Illinois schoolchildren voted the white-tailed deer as the state animal in 1980. The white-tailed deer is an animal of incredible beauty and power; they are able to run up to 40 miles per hour, jump 9 foot fences, and swim 13 miles per hour.

The white underside of the deer's tail waves when running and is flashed as a warning when danger is sensed. It also stamps it's hooves to alert other deer of a possible threat. Fawns are born with white spots for camouflage. Both native Americans and settlers relied on the white-tailed deer for buckskin and food.

Eleven states have adopted the white-tailed deer as a state symbol: Arkansas, Illinois, Michigan, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and Wisconsin.



White-tailed deer buck with new spring antlers; photo © Brian Jorg / CritterZone: Animal - Wildlife - Nature Stock Photography (all rights reserved; used by permission).

White-tailed deer buck with new spring antlers

White-tailed deer doe; free photo courtesy of Nature of New England.

White-tailed deer doe

White-tailed deer fawn; photo by Michael Witzel (coolstock) on Flickr (use permitted with attribution).

White-tailed deer fawn


The Private Life of Deer - Amazing Nature Documentary (HD)