Official State Coat of Arms of Massachusetts
Massachusetts legislation describes the coat of Arms as a blue shield (in the shape of a "plantagenet") featuring a native American dressed in a shirt and moccasins (the model used was from the Algonquin nation). His right hand holds a bow, and his left hand clasps an arrow pointing downward to indicate peacefulness (all in gold). A silver star with five points sits above his right arm (representing Massachusetts as one of the original thirteen states).
The crest above consists of a braid of blue and gold, with a right arm grasping a broadsword. The sword represents the state's Latin motto (written in gold on a blue ribbon around the bottom of the shield): “Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem” which means: “By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty.”