Atlantic cod; photo by Joachim S. Müller on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / share alike).
Official State Fish of Massachusetts
Cod (Gadus morrhua) was designated the official state fish of Massachusetts in 1974. All State Fish
The cod fish has been a symbol of Massachusetts for over 200 years (a sculpture of a cod fish hangs in the Massachusetts House of Representatives). The fishing industry provided the Puritans with food, fertilizer, and revenue for trade (native Americans also used cod for food and fertilizer). Today the Atlantic cod is listed as threatened.