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Sugar Maple

Wisconsin State Tree

Sugar maple leaves; photo by Naoko Takano on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / share alike).

Official State Tree of Wisconsin

The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) was designated the state tree of Wisconsin in 1949. The sugar maple tree is also a state symbol of New York, Vermont, and West Virginia. All State Trees

According to Wisconsin's Blue Book: " A favorite state tree was first selected by a vote of Wisconsin school children in 1893.  The maple tree won, followed by oak, pine, and elm.  Another vote was conducted in 1948 among school children by the Youth Centennial Committee. In that election, the sugar maple again received the most votes, followed by white pine and birch.  The 1949 Legislature, in spite of efforts by white pine advocates, named the sugar maple the official state tree by enacting Chapter 218, Laws of 1949."

Sugar Maple Tree Facts

Sometimes called hard maple or rock maple, sugar maple is one of the largest and more important of the hardwoods. Sap from the trunks of sugar maples is used to make maple syrup. Sugar maple trees seldom flower until they are at least 22 years old, but they can also live 300 to 400 years.

Sugar maple tree trunks are tapped early in the spring to collect their sap.The sap is boiled into a syrup, or concentrated further with evaporation to produce maple sugar. 34 gallons of sap are required to produce 1 gallon of maple syrup (or 8 pounds of maple sugar). The leaves of sugar maple trees turn brilliant colors of red and gold in the fall.